The most important subjects of his inquiries are enumerated by Forbes under the following five heads: - (1) The laws of polarization by reflection and refraction, and other quantitative laws of phenomena; (2) The discovery of the polarizing structure induced by heat and pressure; (3) The discovery of crystals with two axes of double refraction, and many of the laws of their phenomena, including the connexion of optical structure and crystalline forms; (4) The laws of metallic reflection; (5) Experiments on the absorption of light. Polar motion is the movement of Earth's rotation axis across its surface. axis definition is - a straight line about which a body or a geometric figure rotates or may be supposed to rotate. The new species made more complex and varied tools, including the first hand axes. In words: the sum of the projections of the forces on each of the co-ordinate axes must vanish; and, the sum of the moments of the forces about each of these axes must vanish. The purpose of his paper was to show that there is no problem if the axis is moved to the left. and viii., and the satellite of Neptune. Example sentences from the Web for axes. Show More Sentences The weapon system is stabilised in two axes, which allows the vehicle to engage targets stationary or on the move. Battle axes were part of a knight's standard arsenal, and their long handles made them useful in confrontations on foot and horseback. The path is therefore an ellipse of which a, b are conjugate semi-diameters, and is described in the period 24 Ju; moreover, the velocity at any point P is equal to ~ OD, where OD is the semi-diameter conjugate to OP. Axes in a sentence (1) They equipped themselves with a pair of sharp axes and set off for the forest. We take these as axes of x and y; then if f, n be the component rotations about them, we have -. there are usually numerous sessile flowers arranged in small spikes, called locustae or spikelets, which are either set closely along a central axis, or produced on secondary axes formed by the branching of the central one; to the latter form the term panicle is applied. The plane of the optic axes for red light is inclined at 2° to that for blue light, and the angle between the optic axes themselves is 3° greater for red than for blue light. The directions of these axes are determined by the property (24), and therefore coincide with those of the principal axes of inertia at 0, as already defined in connection with the theory of plane quadratic moments. The proper share of each in bringing about this memorable result is not easy to apportion, since they freely imparted and profited by one another's advances and improvements; it need only be said that the fundamental proposition of the invariability of the planetary major axes laid down with restrictions by Laplace in 1773, was finally established by Lagrange in 1776; while Laplace in 1784 proved the subsistence of such a relation between the eccentricities of the planetary orbits on the one hand, and their inclinations on the other, that an increase of either element could, in any single case, proceed only to a very small extent. Sliding Contact: Forms of the Teeth of Spur-wheels am Racks.A line of connection of two pieces in sliding contact is line perpendicular to their surfaces at a point where they touch Bearing this in mind, the principle of the comparative motion of pair of teeth belonging to a pair of spur-wheels, or to a spur-whee and a rack, is found by applying the principles stated generally ii 36 and 37 to the case of parallel axes for a pair of spur-wheels, am to the case of an axis perpendicular to the direction of shifting for wheel and a rack. 200. The isothermals are approximately equilateral hyperbolas (pv= constant), with the axes of p and v for asymptotes, for a gas or unsaturated vapour, but coincide with the isopiestics for a saturated vapour in presence of its liquid. a', Primary axis; a", secondary axes bearing flowers; b, bract in the axils of which the secondary axes arise. principal axes of the crystal, the actual magnetization will be the resultant of the three magnetizations along the axes. the line parallel to q' q-- 1 which intersects the axes of Q and Q'; the plane of the member contains a fixed line; the centre is on a fixed ellipse which intersects the transversal; the axis is on a fixed ruled surface to which the plane of the ellipse is a tangent plane, the ellipse being the section of the ruled surface by the plane; the ruled surface is a cylindroid deformed by a simple shear parallel to the transversal. The cartesian equation to a parabola which touches the coordinate axes is 1 / ax+'1 / by= i, and the polar equation when the focus is the pole and the axis the initial line is r cos 2 6/2 = a. The resulting Z+R equations are not as a rule easy of application, owing to the fact that the moments and products of inertia A, B, C, F, G, H are not constants but vary in conse- 0 quence of the changing orientation of the body with respect to the co-ordinate axes. Remember the triple axis conditions, Dashaway. The gatehouse at Hever Castle contains a frightening collection … Now the expression above given cannot be integrable exactly, under all circumstances and whatever be the axes of co-ordinates, unless (�2u',�2vi,�2w') is the gradient of a continuous function. 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